Thesis Writing - Step-by-Step Guide, Format, and Examples

thesis writing

When you plan everything ahead of time, thesis writing becomes easier and less stressful. This will give you an idea of what information needs to be added to the thesis. Furthermore, it is regarded as an amazing method of concentration.

Many people make mistakes while writing a thesis. They frequently get confused and stuck at the start of the process of thesis writing that impresses the instructor. So, having a well-developed outline is essential for organizing the ideas in one place.

This blog can help you understand all sections and parts of a thesis paper.

What is Thesis Writing?

A thesis is a high-level paper based on original ideas, extensive research, and credible sources. It requires students to use various methods for gathering relevant data to conduct research.

It is a very common assignment in many graduate and postgraduate programs.

Furthermore, it is required for many Master's and Ph.D. level degrees. Teachers typically use them to assess and grade students. Similarly, such documents demonstrate their eligibility to receive the degree.

How Long Should a Thesis be?

Typically, the length of a thesis varies from project to project. It is generally influenced by the department, faculties, and fields of study.

Bachelor's theses are typically 40-60 pages long. And a master's thesis is 60–100 pages long. On the other hand, a Ph.D. thesis must not exceed 80,000 words, which equates to approximately 100-250 pages.

Remember that, apart from appendices, these pages contain all of the text and reference lists.

Nonetheless, students should be clear rather than long when writing a thesis. The main goal is to write the shortest paper possible while still including all necessary information. Also, avoid including information that is unnecessary or repetitive.

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Thesis Writing Format

The four major sections of a thesis format are listed below.

Section 1 - Preliminary Pages

  • Title page (required)
  • Dedication (optional)
  • Acknowledgment (optional)
  • Abstract (required)
  • Table of contents (required)
  • List of tables (required)
  • List of figures (required)
  • List of abbreviations (optional)

Section 2 - Text

  • Introduction (referred to as Chapter 1)
  • Body of Thesis

Section 3 - References/ Bibliography (required)

Section 4 - Appendices (optional)

Remember that a thesis follows the same format as other research and term papers. Take a look at the document below to understand the thesis writing format better.

Thesis Writing Format

Thesis Proposal

Supervisors require students to submit a well-planned proposal before writing a final thesis. It includes a comprehensive summary, outline, and layout of your research work. Furthermore, it identifies the problem statement, questions, and methods used to conduct the research. To write a thesis proposal, follow the format provided.

  • Introduction
  • Literature review
  • Theoretical framework
  • Research question
  • Methodological designs
  • References

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How to Start a Thesis?

The prewriting steps to successfully begin a thesis are listed below.

  1. Choose an intriguing thesis topic and your main argument of the topic.
  2. Investigate credible sources to back up your claims. It could include online journals, magazines, and books.
  3. Collect statistical information for scientific studies.
  4. Look for and gather opposing viewpoints to present your work more comprehensively and in-depth. It will also determine the strength of opposing arguments.
  5. Make a well-structured outline to keep all of the chapters and headings together.
  6. Make a list of sources in the referencing section right from the start.
  7. Check the format, research methods, and thesis writing guidelines to ensure you're on the right track.

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How to Write a Thesis Paper?

The actual writing process begins after you have decided how to begin your thesis. A thesis typically consists of the following sections.

Thesis Title Page

The first thesis page is the title page, which includes the following elements.


The acknowledgments page is optional in a thesis paper. The writer expresses gratitude to those who helped with the research, whether technically, financially, or intellectually.


An abstract summarizes the major findings and explains why the paper is significant. It should be no more than 250 words long and should not include any citations.

A good abstract must answer the following questions:

  • Why did you conduct the study?
  • What was the question you were attempting to answer?
  • What methods did you use to conduct the research?
  • What are the study's findings?
  • What contribution will your research make to the field?

Table of Contents

This section contains a list of headings and subheadings with a page number. A list of figures and tables also follows it. On the other hand, the titles should be mentioned with each figure and table.

Thesis Introduction

Your thesis paper's introduction provides a brief overview of your research work. To present the answers to the research questions, it must include a good thesis statement. In addition, use subheadings to divide the introduction into logical segments.

The following elements must be included in an effective thesis introduction.

  • A problem statement
  • Background information
  • Research questions
  • Scope of the study
  • Research format structure

Research Significance

Mention the reasons for selecting a specific topic in this section. Consider why the research is important and how it will benefit the field.

Literature Review

Conduct extensive research on the topic, including reviewing the relevant literature. Determine the gaps in the literature and structure your arguments accordingly. Analyze the methods used by other scholars to obtain the results as well.

Research Methodology

Describe the types of research methods you used in your study. Depending on the field of study, it can be qualitative or quantitative.

Practical methods, such as quantitative research, are commonly used in scientific fields. On the other hand, humanities use theoretical methodologies, such as qualitative research.

Research Limitations

In this section, describe the limitations of your research. The following are some examples of common research limitations:

  • Lack of funds
  • Shortage of subjects
  • Limited time
  • Scarcity of reliable data


Mention the research findings in relation to the thesis statement and hypothesis in this part. Inform the readers whether or not the hypothesis was correct. Also, mention whether or not you could produce the expected results.


Discuss the research findings and how you obtained them. If the outcomes differ from what was expected, explain why. Describe the relationship between the results as well.

Thesis Conclusion

Finish your paper with a strong thesis statement and research findings. Keep it brief and only cover the important points. Similarly, do not introduce new ideas in this section because it will give the teacher the wrong impression.

You can also suggest future research directions to solve the problem.


Include all of the sources you used in your thesis in this section. By avoiding plagiarism, you will increase the credibility of your work. Also, arrange the list alphabetically and in the format specified.


Appendices should contain your data, procedures, references, and calculations. Additionally, give each appendix a title, such as a letter (A, B, C). And it should be no more than 1-2 pages long.

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Thesis Writing Examples

Here are some good thesis examples and samples to help you understand your writing better.

Thesis Writing Example

Thesis Sample

APA Format for

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Thesis Topics

Some interesting thesis paper topic ideas are provided below.

  • Gender perceptions in the Middle Age
  • What is the role of social movements in politics?
  • Important specs of the corporate law
  • Discuss the concept of online store creation.
  • Censorship of Art in Nazi Germany
  • How can recycling help in reducing pollution?
  • How to motivate employees?
  • Does parental abuse affect the mind of a child?
  • Jazz Music of the 21st century
  • How has WWII saved the world?

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Thesis Writing Tips

To write a well-researched thesis, follow the advice provided below.

  • Begin writing your thesis as earliest as possible.
  • Determine your audience's expectations.
  • Organize your paper in the form of a logical argument.
  • Create tables and figures to help you present your arguments.
  • Arrange the sections so that your first and last chapters are interesting.
  • After the conclusion, write the introduction. Ascertain that both sections are related to one another.
  • To make your research credible and authentic, conduct a critical review of the literature.
  • Aloud read your work to identify spelling, grammatical, and punctuation errors.
  • Set deadlines for each day and work accordingly.
  • Remember to proofread and revise your thesis before submitting it.
  • Make changes based on the feedback.
  • Use simple sentence structure and simple words.

The thesis is the most important piece of work you will ever complete in your academic career. So, if you are not confident that you will succeed, do not take the risk.

Numerous websites provide Masters and Ph.D. thesis writing services. However, not all of them offer genuine and original papers. is an authentic essay writing service based in the United States. We guarantee high-quality, well-researched thesis papers for various academic levels and subjects. Whether you need help with an argumentative thesis statement or any other type of academic paper. We’ve got you!

We offer a wide range of academic papers at reasonable prices. Simply contact our 24-hour customer service and explain your academic needs. In addition, we will assign a writer to work on your thesis.

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