Learn how to Format your Essay in Chicago - Guide

Formatting in a document is important as it makes the text manageable and standardized and also keeps the citations accessible. An essay writing service should not only write the content but should also format it properly. APA, MLA, and Chicago styles are the most widely used formatting styles. Expertise in these styles can make a student very proficient in essay writing and formatting.

Chicago Formatting Rules

A complete guideline on how to use Chicago style to format a document will be provided in this article.

Cover Page

The Chicago formatted document starts with a cover page. This page should contain the title of the essay, manuscript, or document after one-fourth of the page. Then, at the center of the page, the name of the author is to be given. Both the title and author’s name should have the first letters capital for each word except for prepositions and conjunctions. The cover page should not contain any header or footer.


There are no specific recommendations for writing each level heading in the Chicago format. However, it is highly recommended that while writing essays in Chicago format, consistency while structuring the headings should be maintained by the essay writer, any heading or a subheading should not end with a period.

Text and Page Layout

All the text in a Chicago formatted document or essay should be written in a readable font type like Times New Roman with font size 12 and should have double line spacing. Each new paragraph should start with half an inch indent. An 8.5 by 11 inches page should be used with 1” margins on all the sides. Text within the body of such a document should be left-justified only without the right justification.


A text quoted directly from some source if more than 5 lines should be written in block format, i.e. as a separate block of text starting from a new line. This blocked quote should be indented by 0.5 inches from left and written with single line spacing unlike the body text, which is double spaced. A shorter quote should be provided in the text, starting, and ending with quotation marks.

Tables and Figures

The tables and figures should come immediately after the paragraph in which they are mentioned. All the content inside the table should also be left-aligned. All the figures and tables should be assigned an ascending number within the caption in the order in which they appear i.e. Figure 1, Table 1. No bolds and italics should be used in the captions.


Each page of a Chicago formatted essay except for the title page should contain the last name of the author and the page number on the top right corner of the page within a header. These should be written in 12 points time new Romans with no bold or italic formatting.

Endnotes and Footers

The Chicago style uses footnotes for referencing a source. The footnotes are numbered in an ascending sequence starting from 1. While referring to the source number within the text, super-scripting for the footnote number is used, whereas in the footnotes the numbers are written as a normal text with the citation. The footnote numbers when written in footers are ended with a period. The footnote number within a footer is followed by the source. An optional commentary can be provided if the author needs to, after citing the source. All the text in the footnote needs to be flushed towards the left side of the paper.


The referencing should be done on a new page with at the end, the heading is to be titled as Bibliography with a capitalized first letter. The bibliography should be double spaced, with a hanging indent of half an inch. The hanging indent format implies that all lines except for the first line of each reference should be indented by 0.5 inches.

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